She is the twin sister of Ares’, and his constant companion. Though she rose into battle with him, she was better known for less deadly forms of conflict; political strife, rivalry, personal dissension, and spitefulness. Her genealogy is slightly confused- she is alternately known as the daughter of Zeus and Hera, or of Nyx and Erebus. There is also a legend of Hera conceiving the twins by herself, after touching a may-blossom.
The most well known legend involving Eris is that of her incitation of the Trojan War. Eris was not invited to the wedding of the sea goddess Thetis and the hero Peleus. In revenge, she carved the word ‘kallisti’ (‘for the fairest’) into one of the golden apples from the Hesperides’ tree and threw it among the crowd. Three very powerful goddesses, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, laid claim to it. Zeus was asked to settle the dispute, but knowing the nature of the three goddesses, he declined and gave a Trojan prince named Paris the task of judging. All three women attempted to bribe him; Hera with power, Athena with wisdom, and Aphrodite with the love of the most beautiful mortal in the world. He awarded the apple to Aphrodite, who in turn cast a spell to make the fairest mortal his wife. This mortal turned out to be none other than the Spartan queen, Helen. Menelaus, the king of Sparta, did not take kindly to having his wife abducted, and raised an army to sail against Troy.
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